After two months during which no bright planets were visible during evening hours, Saturn will return to the evening sky in November. The most exciting action will remain in the predawn sky, however.
Jupiter and Venus, our two brightest planets, will appear less than 1 degree from each other before dawn on Nov. 4 and 5 and will be near each other for several days before and after that.
Jupiter and Venus have been approaching each other in the eastern sky since mid-October, when Jupiter first became visible before dawn. Jupiter still appears below the much brighter Venus but rises earlier and climbs higher each morning.
Jupiter moves closer to Venus every morning until the two will be beside each other. They will be easily visible any time between 4 and about 5:45 a.m., then lost in the brightening sky.
Mars also will appear in the sky those mornings, below Venus and Jupiter, but it will be much less bright and may be difficult to see in the brightening sky. Mars should be easier to see later in the month as it moves closer to Venus.
After Nov. 5, Jupiter will appear above Venus, but the pair will remain close for several mornings. A waning crescent moon will be over the planets in the eastern sky Nov. 8 and just above them Nov. 9. An even thinner crescent will be below the planets Nov. 10.
Saturn will appear high in the southern sky before dawn. The ringed planet will be visible in the east after rising at about 10 p.m. during early November. Saturn will rise earlier each evening and be up by about 8 p.m. at month's end.
The moon will appear above Saturn and to the right of the "twin" planets, Pollux and Castor, in the constellation Gemini on the evening of Nov. 2. The moon will be just to the left of Saturn Nov. 3.
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