WASHINGTON -- Former nuclear scientist Wen Ho Lee was singled out for an investigation into suspected Chinese espionage because the Energy Department misled the FBI, a government report said.
Two heavily censored chapters of the Justice Department report, declassified Monday, take to task both the DOE and the FBI for the botched probe that lasted years and landed Lee in prison for nine months.
"Had either the FBI or DOE done what it should have done, the FBI could have been investigating in the year 1996 what it is now investigating in the year 2000," said the report, completed in May 2000 by former federal prosecutor Randy Bellows.
The report criticizes the FBI for accepting the DOE assertion that Lee, a former nuclear scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, was "the only individual ... who had opportunity, motivation and legitimate access" to the nuclear weapons information believed to have been leaked to the Chinese.
The DOE targeted Lee because of meetings with Chinese nuclear scientists -- both in China and acting as host to the scientists in the United States. Another FBI inquiry into Lee's conduct at the laboratory was also ongoing at the time.
But the DOE ignored locations other than Los Alamos where the nuclear secrets could have been compromised by numerous other potential suspects.
"The message communicated to the FBI was that the FBI need look no farther within DOE for a suspect. Wen Ho Lee was its man," the report said. "The FBI never should have accepted this message, as is."
The report also faults DOE for giving misleading information to the FBI about its early investigation.
A group of DOE investigators concluded that there was a high probability that U.S. intelligence had helped China "avoid blind alleys in their own research and development."
The FBI "actively pursued corrective action to improve and enhance its counterintelligence program" when it received the Bellows report, the bureau said in a statement.
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