Prepare the soil. Work the soil with a garden spade to loosen it a minimum of eight inches for annuals and 12 inches for perennials. This is the time to mix any organic matter into the soil. Take out any large rocks or weeds. Before digging, always make sure you know where any underground lines or wiring are.
Remove excess roots. If needed, gently remove any excess roots from the flower before planting. If the roots are overgrown, the plant will not grow past the excess roots. Excess roots that need to be removed will look matted and have a compressed cotton ball look.
Dig the holes. Decide where the flowers will go and determine the proper spacing before digging holes. Once the holes are dug, set the plants into the holes. The holes should be as deep as the roots of the flower or a little lower.
Replace soil. Take the soil that was removed from the hole and replace it around the flowers. Then pat the soil gently around the flowers.
Water flowers. Water the flowers until at least the top inch or two is moist. Do not dampen the soil. Be sure to continue to provide adequate moisture and remove any spent blooms for season-long beauty.
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