WASHINGTON -- Senators from both coasts lost their effort Tuesday to strip from energy legislation an ethanol provision that they warned would lead to gasoline price spikes.
The Senate bill, heading toward a final vote later this week, would significantly increase the amount of ethanol -- made from corn and other crops -- added to gasoline to help reduce pollution. But the lawmakers from California and New York said their constituents would face unfair gasoline price hikes because of the costs of shipping ethanol from the Midwest.
After a debate that pitted Democratic colleagues from different regions against one another, the vote came down to simple arithmetic: opponents of the ethanol provision were outnumbered by Corn Belt senators whose home states would reap a windfall from it.
Senators voted overwhelmingly -- 68-31 -- to table the motion to delete the ethanol provision.
The vote was the latest to leave a group of senators disappointed with the energy legislation. Last week, senators rejected drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, a key component of the energy plan President Bush proposed almost a year ago. Last month, the senators voted down tougher miles-per-gallon standards for vehicles, the top priority of environmentalists and most Democrats.
Having rejected these two high-profile proposals, the Senate is moving to wrap up work on the legislation, which remains packed with measures to promote conservation and production. The final vote could come Thursday.
The 500-page-plus bill includes $14 billion in tax breaks to, among other things, encourage consumers to buy fuel-efficient hybrid cars. The measure provides a federal loan guarantee to spur construction of a $20 billion, 2,100-mile pipeline to carry Alaskan natural gas to the lower 48 states.
It would set new energy efficiency standards for traffic lights, establish new efforts to reduce school bus idling, and create a new program aimed at getting drivers out of their cars and onto bicycles.
Collectively, the proposals left in the bill would reduce energy use by 2 percent by 2020, some experts say. "We're only doing part of what needs to be done," said Steven Nadel, executive director of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, a Washington-based think tank.
Senators are anxious to pass the bill and move to the next phase: House-Senate negotiations that could produce a compromise measure. The House last year passed a plan that closely followed Bush's plan.
Lawmakers from both parties are striving to pass the first comprehensive energy bill in a decade, despite diminishing enthusiasm for what the final product might contain.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., has vowed to vote against the overall bill if the ethanol mandate remains. On Tuesday, she assailed the provision as "unconscionable, selfish and parochial" public policy.
She called it a hidden tax that could cost California drivers 10 cents a gallon at the pump.
But Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D., chief sponsor of the provision, contended that ethanol could be used as a smog-fighting substitute for MTBE, which helps gas burn cleaner but has been blamed for fouling water supplies. He also disputed predictions of big price spikes from its use.
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