HACKENSACK -- It is as important to vegetable gardening success to know which plants to separate as it is to know which will benefit each other by planting together, said Master Gardener Mary Parrish.
Onions should not be planted next to peas or bush or pole beans. Strawberries should be kept away from cabbage family plants.
Beets and pole beans should be separated. Tomatoes and corn are bad companions. Sage should be kept away from cucumbers.
Caraway -- loosens soil.
Chamomile -- cabbage, onion companion.
Chervil -- radish companion.
Chives -- carrot companion.
Dill -- cabbage companion - dislikes carrots.
Fennel -- keep out of garden, most plants dislike it.
Sow thistle -- moderate amounts help tomatoes, onions, corn.
Yarrow -- enhances essential oils production of aromatic herbs.
Bush beans do well when planted with beets, cabbage, carrots, celery, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, peas, radishes, savory and tansy and strawberries.
Pole beans do well with carrots, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, peas, savory and tansy and radishes.
Beets do well with bush beans, cabbage and onions.
Cabbage family plants do well with bush beans, beets, celery, onions, tomatoes and all strong herbs.
Carrots do well with bush and pole beans, lettuce, onion, peas, radishes, tomatoes and sage, but not dill.
Celery does well with bush beans, cabbage, onion, spinach and tomatoes.
Corn does well with bush and pole beans, cucumbers, melons, peas and spinach.
Cucumbers do well with bush and pole beans, corn, lettuce, onions, peas radishes, but should be kept away from strong herbs.
Eggplant does well with bush and pole beans and spinach.
Lettuce does well with bush and pole beans, carrots, cucumbers, onion, radishes and strawberries.
Melons do well with corn and radishes.
Onions do well with beets, cabbage, carrots, celery, cucumbers, lettuce, peppers, squash, strawberries, tomatoes and savory.
Parsley does best when planted with tomatoes.
Peas do well with bush and pole beans, carrots, corn, cucumbers, radishes and turnips.
Peppers do best when planted with onions.
Radishes do well with bush and pole beans, carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, melons, peas and squash, but should not be planted by hyssop.
Sage does well with cabbage, carrots and celery.
Spinach does well with celery, eggplant, strawberries and cauliflower.
Strawberries do well with bush beans, lettuce, onions and spinach.
Tomatoes do well with cabbage, carrots, celery, onions and mint, but should not be planted near fennel.
Flowers can bring special benefits to vegetable gardens.
Marigolds are recommended for bush and pole beans, cabbage, cucumbers, strawberries and tomatoes. Nasturtiums are recommended for cabbage, cucumbers melons, radishes, squash and tomatoes.
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