Facts of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
• FASD is caused when a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy.
• It is 100 percent preventable and there is no cure.
• There is no known amount of alcohol that is safe to drink while pregnant. There is also no safe time to drink during pregnancy and no safe kind of alcohol to drink while pregnant.
• Nationally, FASD affects one out of every 100 births, which is more than autism and Down Syndrome.
• Approximately 57 percent of women of childbearing age in Minnesota are current drinkers (drank in the last 30 days) and of these, about 19 percent binge-drink (more than three drinks in one sitting at a single point in time).
• In Minnesota, about 12 percent of pregnant women consume five or more drinks per month and 6 percent binge-drink.
• Of the pregnant women who use substances, 80 percent use alcohol during pregnancy, while 8-23 percent use illicit drugs and 33 percent smoke.
• According to the CDC, the lifetime cost for one individual with FAS in 2002 was estimated to be $2 million for medical, educational and residential care.
• A person with an FASD might have: Abnormal facial features, such as a smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip, small head size, shorter-than-average height, low body weight, poor coordination, hyperactive behavior, difficulty paying attention, poor memory, difficulty in school (especially with math), learning disabilities, speech and language delays, intellectual disability or low IQ, poor reasoning and judgment skills, sleep and sucking problems as a baby, vision or hearing problems and problems with the heart, kidneys or bones.
Source: CDC and The Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, a statewide organization serving as the leading voice and resource on FASD in Minnesota.